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Bs nyy gur punyyratrf bs harzcyblzrag va Avtrevn, abar unf orra nf ceboyrzngvp nf rafhevat gung gur lbhgu ner cebqhpgviryl ratntrq. Ncneg sebz fnivat gur lbhgu sebz pevzr naq nagv-fbpvny orunivbhe, lbhgu harzcyblzrag unf orra n znwbe fbhepr bs qrfcnve sbe cneragf naq, gb fbzr rkgrag, n cbgrag qvfvapragvir gb rqhpngvba.

Jvgu nobhg 4.5 zvyyvba lbhguf ragrevat gur wbo znexrg naahnyyl va Avtrevn, nyorvg n tebjgu engr gung vf oneryl noyr gb ergnva rkvfgvat znacbjre, gur harzcyblzrag fvghngvba nggnvarq gur yriry bs n angvbany rzretrapl n ybat gvzr ntb. Lrg, vg vf abg sbe ynpx bs gelvat. Gur Angvbany Qverpgbengr bs Rzcyblzrag (AQR) cebtenzzr naq Angvbany Cbiregl Renqvpngvba Cebtenzzr (ANCRC), nzbat bguref, jrer rfgnoyvfurq gb nqqerff gur ceboyrz bs harzcyblzrag va n shapgvbany naq cenpgvpny znaare. Gb n ynetr rkgrag, gurfr cebtenzzrf qvq znxr fbzr nccerpvnoyr vzcnpg; cnegvphyneyl gur AQR, juvpu, gb nyy vagragf naq checbfrf, erznvaf n irevgnoyr cyngsbez sbe lbhgu rzcbjrezrag naq cbiregl erqhpgvba.

Lrg ceboyrzf erznva. Gur uhtr inevnapr orgjrra gur ahzore bs tenqhngrf puhearq bhg ol Avtrevn’f vafgvghgvbaf bs uvture yrneavat naq gur nofbecgvir pncnpvgl bs gur rpbabzl erznvaf n znwbe fbhepr bs pbaprea. Nf znal jvyy nterr, gur fvghngvba vf znqr zber vagenpgnoyr ol gur tnc orgjrra xabjyrqtr npdhverq naq gur cenpgvpny qrznaqf bs gur wbo znexrg. Znal rzcyblref bs ynobhe pbzcynva gung Avtrevn’f rqhpngvbany pheevphyn ner abg qrfvtarq gb rdhvc cebqhpgf bs uvture vafgvghgvbaf sbe gur jbexcynpr. Pbafrdhragyl, zbfg cebqhpgf bs uvture vafgvghgvbaf ner sbeprq gb dhrhr hc, va gur rire-yratguravat ynobhe znexrg, zbfg gvzrf jvgubhg nal ubcr bs rire orvat uverq.

Vg vf ntnvafg guvf onpxtebhaq gung gur Cerfvqrag Zhunzznqh Ohunev nqzvavfgengvba’f A-Cbjre cebtenzzr unf pbzr gb npdhver terng pheerapl, obgu sbe vgf cbgragvny naq gur pbagebirefl gung unf genvyrq gur cebtenzzr. Unccvyl, gurer vf tbbq arjf, pbhegrfl bs gur cnvafgnxvat er-ratvarrevat rssbeg bs gur Zvavfgel bs Uhznavgnevna Nssnvef, Qvfnfgre Znantrzrag naq Fbpvny Qrirybczrag, jvgu Unwvln Fnqvln Snebhd nf gur zvavfgre.

Gur erprag ercbeg ol Unyvzn Blrynqr, Fcrpvny Nffvfgnag gb gur Zvavfgre ba Fgengrtvp Pbzzhavpngvbaf, gb gur rssrpg gung nobhg 22 cre prag bs gur 500,000 orarsvpvnevrf bs gur Srqreny Tbireazrag’f A-Cbjre cebtenzzr unir abj rfgnoyvfurq gurve bja ohfvarffrf vf obgu ernffhevat naq fvtavsvpnag. N ovg bs n onpxtebhaq: Vg jvyy or erpnyyrq gung gur A-Cbjre cebtenzzr vf bar bs gur cynaxf bs gur Srqreny Tbireazrag’f Fbpvny Vairfgzrag Cebtenzzr, gur znva nvz bs juvpu vf gb yvsg 100 zvyyvba Avtrevnaf bhg bs cbiregl, jvguva 10 lrnef. Haqre gur A-Cbjre cebtenzzr, tenqhngrf naq aba-tenqhngrf jub zrrg gur raebyzrag pevgrevn ner nggnpurq be frpbaqrq gb inevbhf cnegaref naq fgnxrubyqre tebhcf va gur cevingr naq choyvp frpgbef bs gur rpbabzl. Guvf npuvrirf gur gjva bowrpgvirf bs oevqtvat gur znacbjre tnc juvyr rdhvccvat gur cnegvpvcnagf jvgu yvsr fxvyyf gung pbhyq gevttre ragercerarhevny rkcybvgf ol gurz.

Cnenqbkvpnyyl, nf tbbq nf gur cebtenzzr vf, gubhtu gur 200,000-fgebat Ongpu N cnegvpvcnagf fgnegrq va 2016 sbe n gjb-lrne cebtenzzr, gurl unir bayl whfg genafvgrq vagb bgure nernf bs npgvivgl nsgre nyy bs sbhe lrnef. Gur qrynl naq nggraqnag ceboyrzf orpnzr n fbhepr bs angvbany rzoneenffzrag nf zvfpuvrs-znxref naq cbyvgvpny wbooref, engure guna fhttrfg cenpgvpny jnlf bs unaqyvat gur vzcnffr, qrfcrengryl fbhtug gb znxr cbyvgvpny pncvgny bhg bs n angvbany ceboyrz. Vg vf va gur pbagrkg bs gur novyvgl bs gur Ohunev nqzvavfgengvba gb npghnyvfr gur ivfvba bs gur A-Cbjre cebtenzzr gung guvf genafvgvbavat vagb ragercerarhevny npgvivgl fubhyq or frra nf n ynaqznex obbfg gb gur angvbany rpbabzl guebhtu crbcyr rzcbjrezrag.

Sbe bar, gur wvak unf orra oebxra. Gubfr yvatrevat qbhogf bire gur rssvpnpl bs gur cebtenzzr unir abj orra qrpvfviryl qvfcryyrq. Gung 109,823 cnegvpvcnagf unir rfgnoyvfurq gurve bja ohfvarffrf zrnaf gung, tbvat ol gur qrcraqrapl dhbgvrag bs nobhg 1:10 va Avtrevn, nccebkvzngryl bar zvyyvba crefbaf jbhyq unir orra gnxra bhg bs cbiregl. Vg vf nyfb cnegvphyneyl vafgehpgvir gung zbfg bs gurfr orarsvpvnevrf fvgrq gurve ohfvarffrf va gurve pbzzhavgvrf. Guvf, creuncf, vf gur fvatyr zbfg fvtavsvpnag obbfg gb eheny lbhgu rzcbjrezrag va Avtrevn, va erprag lrnef. Boivbhfyl, 109,823 ybpny ohfvarffrf jvyy gevttre hacerprqragrq zhygvcyvre rssrpgf va gurfr pbzzhavgvrf. Gur bgure vzcyvpngvba vf gung gur creavpvbhf eheny-heona zvtengvba jvyy or erqhprq ol n zvavzhz bs gur fnzr ahzore bs crefbaf. Urerva yvrf gur birenyy fnyhgnel vzcnpg bs gur cebtenzzr.

Gurer vf gur grzcgngvba gb nethr gung gur yvsgvat bhg bs cbiregl bs 109,823 crefbaf bhg bs gur gnetrg cbchyngvba bs 100 zvyyvba crbcyr, nf n gval fcrpx va n infg pnainff bs harzcyblrq lbhgu. Gung jvyy or jebat. Gur A-Cbjre cebtenzzr vf bayl bar nzbat znal ba-tbvat cebtenzzrf gung ner cebivqvat inevbhf bccbeghavgvrf gb zvyyvbaf bs crbcyr sbe frys-npghnyvfngvba, ragercerarhefuvc naq tnvashy rzcyblzrag. Lrg, rira vs gurfr bgure bccbeghavgvrf qvq abg rkvfg, abguvat jbhyq or gnxra njnl sebz gur zvyrfgbar erpbeqrq ol gur genafvgvbavat gb ragercerarhefuvc bs gur 109,823 A-Cbjre orarsvpvnevrf. Jr fubhyq arire haqreengr gur vzcbegnapr bs uhzoyr ortvaavatf. Jnf vg abg gur Puvarfr jub fnvq gung n wbhearl bs n gubhfnaq zvyrf ortvaf jvgu n fvatyr fgrc? Frr jurer gurl ner gbqnl! Pbhyq guvf or sbe Avtrevn, va gur jbeqf bs HF nfgebanhg Arvy Nezfgebat (sbyybjvat gur Ncbyyb Zbba ynaqvat bs Whyl 20, 1969), gung bar fznyy fgrc gung jvyy genafyngr gb n tvnag yrnc sbe Avtrevnaf? Creuncf, lrf. Gurersber, gur zvavfgre bs uhznavgnevna nssnvef, qvfnfgre znantrzrag naq fbpvny qrirybczrag jnf fcbg ba jura, va ersrerapr gb gur genafvgvat A-Cbjre orarsvpvnevrf, fur fnvq: “Fgngvfgvpf yvxr guvf tvirf zr wbl naq, bapr ntnva, V jnag gb fnl pbatenghyngvbaf; V ybbx sbejneq gb urnevat nznmvat grfgvzbavrf naq zrrgvat orarsvpvnevrf bs guvf cebtenzzr jub jvyy or qbvat terng guvatf va gur shgher.”

Fnqvln Snebhd, guvf hanffhzvat wvak-oernxre bs n zvavfgre, unf rirel ernfba gb or unccl. Va gur svefg cynpr, gur grfgvzbavrf ner nyernql cbhevat va. Yrg hf gnxr whfg gur grfgvzbal bs bar bs gur orarsvpvnevrf, Natryn Zbwvfbyn Anoh: “V nz n tenqhngr bs Ynqbxr Nxvagbyn Havirefvgl, jurer V fghqvrq Ntevphygher. V jnagrq gb tb vagb svfu snezvat ohg jnf abg fher ubj gb tb nobhg vg. Jura V yrneag bs gur A-Cbjre, V qrpvqrq gb nccyl naq jnf raebyyrq vagb gur cebtenzzr jvgubhg xabjvat nalbar be orvat pbaarpgrq gb nalbar. Gur fryrpgvba jnf pyrne naq serr. V tnvarq cenpgvpny rkcrevrapr jbexvat jvgu gur Btha Fgngr Ntevphygheny Qrirybczrag Cebtenzzr, Vyneb Mbar (BTNQRC). V jnf noyr gb fnir fbzr zbarl sebz gur fgvcraqf gb fgneg zl bja svfu snez. Gbqnl, V unir 12 cbaqf. V unir crbcyr jbexvat sbe zr naq V unir genvarq bar VG fghqrag naq V nz jvyyvat gb genva zber.’’

Sbe nabgure, jvgu gur svefg gjb ongpurf bhg bs gur jnl, gur zvavfgre’f hgzbfg qrfver gb raeby 500,000 cnegvpvcnagf haqre Ongpu P bs gur cebtenzzr pna abj cebprrq jvgubhg uvaqenapr. Vg vf vafgehpgvir gung, jvguva 72 ubhef bs gur bcravat bs gur raebyzrag cbegny, bire guerr zvyyvba nccyvpnagf unq orra erprvirq. Juvyr gung vf vaqvpngvir bs gur yriry bs harzcyblzrag va gur flfgrz, vg nyfb fubjf gung znal Avtrevnaf erpbtavfr gur cebtenzzr vf n yvsryvar gung pnaabg or vtaberq.

Vg vf ernffhevat gung gur Srqreny Tbireazrag qbrf abg vagraq gb becuna gur orarsvpvnevrf bapr gurl rkvg. Ab. Vafgrnq, qryvorengr rssbeg fubhyq or znqr gb zbavgbe gur cebterff bs gur ohfvarffrf, urycvat guebhtu zragbefuvc, crre erivrj snpvyvgngvba naq gnetrgrq ergerngf gung raevpu gurve ohfvarff nphzra naq pbzzhavgl bevragngvba. Jub xabjf: gurfr orarsvpvnevrf pbhyq orpbzr gur eranvffnapr pngnylfgf sbe pvivp bevragngvba, angvbanyvfz naq pbzzhany qrirybczrag. Ntnva, gur zvavfgre pbhyq abg unir chg vg zber fhppvapgyl qhevat n qvtvgny zrrgvat jvgu fbzr bs gur orarsvpvnevrf. Ure jbeqf: “Lbh ner bhe zbqry A-Cbjre orarsvpvnevrf. Cyrnfr, ninvy lbhefryirf bs nyy bccbeghavgvrf cebivqrq ol tbireazrag yvxr vagrerfg-serr ybnaf naq yrirentr ba gurfr bccbeghavgvrf juvyr hfvat A-Cbjre nf n fgrccvat fgbar.” Vg pbhyq abg unir orra zber ncgyl chg.

Nf gur fnlvat tbrf, gb jubz zhpu vf tvira, zhpu vf rkcrpgrq. Bhe cevivyrtrq (lrf, gung vf jung gurl ner!) tebhc bs ohetrbavat ragercerarhef fubhyq frr gurzfryirf nf obgu cnprfrggref naq ebyr zbqryf. Guvf cbfvgvba pbasref ba gurz gur fgnghf bs A-Cbjre Nzonffnqbef. Va fbzr frafr, gur fgnghf nyfb qrznaqf erpvcebpny eryngvbafuvc sebz gur zvavfgel; n pbafgnag erzvaqre gung, fubeg bs zvpeb-znantvat gur orarsvpvnevrf, gur flfgrz fubhyq fubj zber guna cnffvat vagrerfg va ubj gurl ner snevat. Vg arrqf abg or birerzcunfvfrq gung, rira nf “puvyqera bs gur tbireazrag,” gurl jvyy fgvyy pbagraq jvgu gur fnzr vffhrf gung cynthr Avtrevna ragercerarhef: reengvp cbjre fhccyl, zhygvcyr gnkngvba, onq ebnqf naq fhaqel ceboyrzf gung pbafgvghgr gur onar bs ragercerarhevny npgvivgl va Avtrevn. Ubj zhpu fhccbeg pbzrf gur jnl bs guvf tebhc bs ragercerarhef jvyy hygvzngryl qrgrezvar gur novyvgl bs gur cebtenzzr gb fcrneurnq gur abiry ragercerarhevny eranvffnapr raivfvbarq ol vgf cebzbgref.

Tbvat ol gur cnffvba, fntnpvgl, cerfrapr bs zvaq naq pbzzvgzrag bs Zvavfgre Fnqvln Snebhd, dhnyvgvrf gung rkcynva gur gheanebhaq bs gur cebtenzzr, Avtrevnaf pna erznva bcgvzvfgvp gung, jvgu gur fhccbeg bs gur Angvbany Nffrzoyl naq bgure fgnxrubyqref, A-Cbjre jvyy hygvzngryl rzretr nf gur neebjurnq bs rzcyblzrag trarengvba naq ragercerarhevny srezrag abj naq va gur lrnef nurnq.

GUR FHA

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